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Early 20th Century and Taos Society of Artists Learn More

By 1912, Blumenschein, Oscar E. Berninghaus, E. Irving Couse, W. Herbert 'Buck' Dunton, and Joseph Sharp had arrived in Taos. These five plus Phillips shared a strong attraction to Taos and formalized their relationship by creating the Taos Society of Artists, which existed from 1915 to 1927. The Society sent traveling shows of its Members' works throughout the country. The images they created, frequently of American Indians in traditional garb, northern New Mexico Hispanos and old-timer Anglo-Americans, as well as landscapes, came to define the first decades of the art colony.


Artist: Blanche C. Grant
Title: Untitled (Portrait of Woman)
Date: n.d.
Medium: Oil on canvas
Dimensions: Overall: 13 11/16 x 12 3/16 in. (34.7 x 30.9 cm)
Blanche C. Grant (1874-1948)
Blanche C. Grant
Artist: Blanche C. Grant
Title: Untitled (Taos Pueblo Church)
Date: c. 1920
Medium: Oil on board
Dimensions: Overall: 16 1/8 x 20 1/16 in. (41 x 51 cm) frame: 22 1/8 x 26 1/8 in. (56.2 x 66.4 cm)
Blanche C. Grant (1874-1948)
c. 1920
Blanche C. Grant
Artist: Victor Higgins
Title: Winter Funeral
Date: c. 1931
Medium: Oil on canvas
Dimensions: Framed: 51 1/4 × 64 1/2 × 2 1/2 in. (130.2 × 163.8 × 6.4 cm)
Victor Higgins United States (1884-1949)
Painter. At fifteen, Victor Higgins defied his parents’ wishes and left his native Indiana for Chicago, where he studied at the Art Institute and the Academy of Fine Arts. Sponsored by ex-mayor and collector Carter Harrison, Higgins spent two and half years studying and traveling in Europe. While in Munich, he associated with fellow art students Walter Ufer and Martin Hennings. The year after his return (1914), Harrison sent him on a painting trip to New Mexico. There Higgins found the strong light, brilliant color, and lure of the land a powerful antidote to the confines of academic training. He joined the Taos Society of Artists in 1917, but he continued to divide his time between Chicago and Taos for some years and to exhibit in Indianapolis and New York, with an occasional painting sent to Europe. As a link between his more conservative colleagues and the emerging artistic developments of the twentieth century, Higgins wedded theory to his own intuitively derived visual harmonies. The result was a rich and varied body of work in still life, figure painting, and, most significantly, landscape.

Art Gallery of the University of Notre Dame and the Indianpolis Museum of Art. Victor Higgins. Notre Dame, Ind.: Art Gallery of the University of Notre Dame and Indianapolis Museum of Art, 1975.

Bickerstaff. Pioneer Artists of Taos, pp. 175–93.

Art Museum of South Texas. Victor Higgins in New Mexico. Corpus Christi: Art Museum of South Texas, 1984.

Charles Eldredge, Julie Schimmel, and William H. Truettner Art in New Mexico, 1900–1945: Paths to Taos and Santa Fe (Washington, DC: National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 1986)
c. 1931
Victor Higgins
Artist: Walter Ufer
Title: Winter in New Mexico
Date: c.1930
Medium: Oil painting
Dimensions: Overall: 22 1/4 x 20 1/16 in. (56.5 x 51 cm) frame: 28 x 25 3/4 in. (71.1 x 65.4 cm)
Walter Ufer (1876-1936)
Walter Ufer